例：Man: I wonder why the office is still not open.
Women: But it's not yet eight. In fact, it's only a quarter to eight.
At what time does the office open?
A. At 8:30. B. At 8:15. C. At 8:00.
1. Why is the man complaining?
A. The show is very difficult to understand.
B. The room is too small for the audience.
C. The crowd is very noisy.
2. What does the woman mean?
A. The results might be ready tomorrow.
B. The man needs another test tomorrow.
C. The results were called in last night.
3. Who fixed Karen's hair?
A. A neighbor.
B. Karen herself.
C. A professional hairstylist.
4. What is the problem?
A. There are too few houses in the northeast.
B. People in the northeast are inexperienced in dealing with snow.
C. Cold weather in the northeast has increased the demand for fuel.
5. What does the woman think the man should do?
A. Ask the stewardess for change.
B. Move to another part of the plane.
C. Put out his cigarette.
6. What does the man want?
A. A single room for two nights.
B. A single room with bathroom for one night.
C. A single room without bathroom for twenty hours.
7. What is the address of Evandale Hotel?
A. 249 Marsh Street.
B. 349 Marsh Street.
C. 239 Marsh Street.
8. What did Michael first plan to do for tonight?
A. Going to the Library.
B. Stay at home and watch TV.
C. Going to see a film.
9. What did Liz suggest to do for tonight?
A. Going out for a walk.
B. Going to the Library.
C. Watching TV.
10. Where is the cinema?
A. B. C.
11. How is Michael going to get to the cinema?
A. Taking a taxi.
B. Taking a bus.
12. Which of the following dream least?
13. How many times does a person usually dream during one night?
A. Two or three.
B. Three or four.
C. Four or five.
14. Today what are scientists certain about?
A. People will die soon if prevented from dreaming.
B. Animals' dreams are similar to people's dreams.
C. Dreaming has nothing to do with one's state of health.
15. Where did this conversation mostly take place?
A. In a police station.
B. In a library.
C. In a travel service.
16. What is the woman's name?
A. Garharde Estaherzy.
B. Gerhazy Esterharde.
C. Gerharde Esterhazy.
17. Where does the woman live?
A. 30 Albion Street, Leichhardt. 1955.
B. 13 Albion Street. Leichhardt. 2040.
C. 55 Albion Street. Leichhardt. 4990.
18. When the American writer said that all he knew was what he read in the newspaper, ______.
A. he in fact told us the importance of the newspaper
B. he complained that there were no other sources of information
C. he just wanted to make fun of the newspaper
19. Sometimes people only read the headlines of the news, because ______.
A. they don't want to know about the details
B. they don't like the advertisements
C. they don't have enough time.
20. If newspapers and magazines do not carry advertisements, the readers______.
A. will have to pay more for them
B. will complain a lot
C. will feel uneasy
21. _________ is the capital of Brazil?
22. Joyce had scarcely left___________ it started to rain.
23. “Would you like a cup of tea?” (The hostess asked one of the guests.)
The most appropriate response is __________
B. “Make yourself at home.”
C. “It's very kind of you.”
D. “Why not?”
24. Mrs. Chang's new maid ____________ is very pretty.
A. Ellen whom I first met yesterday
B. Ellen whom I first met, yesterday,
C. Ellen, whom I first met yesterday,
D. , Ellen, whom I first met yesterday,
25. ___________ and I will hit you.
A. If you say that again
B. You will say that again
C. Say you that again
D. Say that again
26. Bruce: Did your brother go to the party?
Angus: No, but he _________.
A. planned it
B. planned to
C. planned so
27. The nuisance he complained _________ has been removed.
28. The center-forward ____________ a goal in the football match.
29. Let us try to use our intellect to __________.
A. the greatest advantage
B. the fullest benefit
C. the highest profit
D. the utmost gain
30. It is a long time ___________.
A. since I see you last time
B. when I saw you last
C. ago I saw you last time
D. since I saw you last
31. Mr. Smith has recently made _________ from shares.
A. some huge fortunes
B. huge fortunes
C. a huge fortune
D. huge fortune
32. “Merry Christmas and Happy New Year to you!” (He wished his friend.)
The most appropriate response is __________
A. “I hope so.”
B. “Same to you!”
33. “Could you help me do it?” (He asked his friend.)
The most appropriate response is ______________
A. “Why not?.”
B. “With pleasure.”
C. “Sure, if you wish.”
D. “Yes, please.”
34. The task wasn't easy, but we managed it ___________.
35. “What a lovely day, _________?”
A. doesn't it
B. hasn't it
C. isn't it
D. won't it
What do we mean by a perfect English pronunciation? In one sense, there are as many different kinds of English as there are speakers of it. No two speakers speak in exactly the same _______ (36). We can always hear differences between them, and the pronunciation of English varies a great deal in different geographical _______ (37). How do we _______ (38) what sort of English to use as a model? This is not a question that can be _______ (39) in the same way for all foreign learners of English. If you live in a part of the world like India or West Africa, where there is a long _______ (40) of speaking English for general communication purposes, you should _______ (41) to acquire a good variety of the pronunciation of this area. It would be a _______ (42) in these circumstances to use as a model BBC English or anything of the sort. On the other hand, if you live in a country where there is no traditional use of English, you must take as your model some standard form of _______ (43) English pronunciation. It does not _______ (44) very much which form you choose. The most _______ (45) thing to do is to take as your model the sort of English you can hear most often.
36. A. form B. way C. type D. voice
37. A. areas B. spaces C. parts D. places
38. A. conclude B. discover C. decide D. find
39. A. given B. replied C. responded D. answered
40. A. custom B. fashion C. habit D. tradition
41. A. try B. determine C. like D. object
42. A. defect B. mistake C. failure D. fault
43. A. domestic B. national C. native D. new
44. A. differ B. matter C. care D. affect
45. A. sensible B. serious C. common D. sensitive
When television first began to expand, very few of the people who had become famous as radio commentators were able to work equally effective on television. Some of the difficulties they experienced when they were trying to _______ (46) themselves to the new medium were technical. When working on radio, for example, they had become _______ (47) to seeing on behalf of the listener. This _______ (48) of seeing for others means that the commentator has to be very good at talking. Above all, he has to be able to _______ (49) a continuous sequence of visual images which add meaning to the sounds which the listener hears. In the ________ (50) of television, however, the commentator sees everything with the viewer. His _______ (51), therefore, is completely different. He is there to make _______ (52) that the viewer does not miss some point of interest, to help him focus _______ (53) particular things, and to _______ (54) the images on the television screen. Unlike his radio colleague, he must know the _______ (55) of silence and how to use it at those moments when the pictures speak for themselves.
46. A. adapt B. change C. modify D. shape
47. A. experienced B. practiced C. determined D. used
48. A. exercise B. art C. experience D. way
49. A. inspire B. make C. create D. cause
50. A. example B. case C. matter D. occasion
51. A. role B. duty C. occupation D. service
52. A. clear B. possible C. sure D. definite
53. A. to B. in C. at D. on
54. A. show B. exhibit C. interpret D. expose
55. A. value B. price C. cost D. worth
On October 17, 1829, Sam Patch did what he had said he would do. He perched on a platform built beside Niagara Falls and jumped into the water a hundred feet below. A big crowd had gathered to watch Sam's well-advertised leap. The spectators held their breath as the daredevil hit the swirling water. At last his head burst out of the foam, thirty feet clear of the falls, and the crowd let out a mighty roar. Men waved their hats and yelled out the expression that had become Sam's trademark: ""There's no mistake in Sam Patch!""
Sam began his career as a leaper in 1827, when he jumped eighty feet into the Passaic River from a bridge that was still under construction. Delighted with the fame he received, Sam traveled from town to town, jumping from masts, cliffs, and bridges. Then he made his great conquest of Niagara Falls.
Sam was encouraged by the widespread public excitement over his successful leap from the falls. He turned to the higher Genesee Falls for his next feat. On November 13, a scaffold was constructed 125 feet above the base of the falls. A huge crowd gathered on both riverbanks. At 2:00 P.M., Sam climbed the shaky scaffold, made a brief speech, and jumped. Once again there was a hushed silence as his body smacked the water. But this time Sam didn't resurface.
Sam's body was pulled from the mouth of the river the following spring. Even so, for years afterward, a legend persisted that the great Sam Patch was still alive.
56. Which of the following is the best title for this passage?
A. Never Say Die.
B. Sam Patch and Falls.
C. Conquer Niagara Falls
D. A Hero
57. What is the general idea of this passage?
A. Genesee Falls is a dangerous place.
B. Sam Patch jumped at Niagara Falls.
C. There's no mistake in Sam Patch.
D. Sam Patch was a popular leaper.
58. This passage implies that ______________.
A. Sam Patch is still alive
B. Sam Patch was a foolish man
C. Sam Patch loved to get a lot of attention
D. jumping fro high bridges was not very dangerous
The elephant is the largest of all land animals. It can reach a height of eleven feet and weigh nearly six tons. The African elephant can also boast the biggest ears in the world. They can grow as large as three-and-a-half feet across. You might think that a gigantic animal like the elephant wouldn't have much to worry about, but it has its problems too. And its huge ears can help it to deal with many problems ranging from pesky insects to great danger.
The ears are very effective fans that can be used to drive away flies. The elephants' huge ears also help them hear everything that's happening nearby. A mother elephant might hear the approach of a dangerous lion that would kill her children.
The elephants' great size can sometimes present a heat problem. The larger an object, the harder it is for it to lose heat. Elephants live on the hot plains of Africa, where keeping cool is not an easy task. Elephants' huge ears help them cool their bodies so they can survive in the heat. The large surfaces of the ears have many blood vessels that are very close to the surface of the skin. Blood that is closer to the surface cools more easily.
The most impressive use of the ears, though, is seen in an elephant's threat display. When trying to threaten another animal, the elephant bellows and charges with both ears spread wide. This makes the huge beast look almost twice as large as it really is. Few enemies would dare to stand up to anything that huge.
59. Which of the following is the best title for this passage?
A. The Use of the Ears.
B. Keeping Cool in Africa.
C. Survival on the African Plains.
D. The Elephant's Threat Display.
60. We can conclude that if elephants did not have big ears they would probably __________.
A. see better
B. be smaller
C. not be able to survive
D. not live in Africa
61. The author calls the elephant's threat display “impressive.” This means that it is _________.
Only one animal can walk 200 miles without stopping once to rest. It would take a person two days and two nights to walk this far, and only one man has ever done it without stopping. What animal has such endurance (耐力)? The camel! The camel is famous for something else, too. It can cross an entire desert without a single drink of water. Its body is built in a special way to help it store water and food.
A person has just one stomach, but a camel has quite a few. Within each stomach are layers and layers of cells. These cells are like tiny water balloons, storing liquids until the camel needs them. When the camel drinks, the cells grow larger and larger. For a whole week, they can keep the animal's thirst away by sending water to all parts of its body.
And did you ever wonder why the camel has a hump (驼峰)? The hump is a storage place for fat. Because it has this storage area, the camel does not need to eat very often. When the animal needs energy, the layers of fat serve as fuel to keep it going on the long, hot days in the burning sun.
The camel has one other gift that makes it well suited to arid regions. This gift is its nose. A camel can smell a water hole from miles away!
When a camel moves it sways (摇摆) from side to side like a ship on a wavy ocean. Because of this swaying action, the camel has been called the ""Ship of the Desert.""
62. This passage is mainly about .
A. long‑distance walking
B. mysterious ships
C. desert animals
D. the camel
63. Where do camels keep the water they have taken in?
A. In the stomach together with the food they ate.
B. In the cells of their stomachs.
C. In the hums on top of their backs.
D. In the bags they carry on their backs.
64. The camel's hum is storage place for .
C. extra water
D. body sugars
65. We can conclude from this passage that camels .
A. will always be useful
B. like to carry heavy loads
C. feel at home in the desert
D. look like ships from a distance
The nuclear age in which the human race is living, and may soon be dying, began for the general public with the dropping of an atom bomb on Hiroshima on 6 August 1945. But for nuclear scientists and for certain American authorities, it had been known for some time that such a weapon was possible. Work towards making it had been begun by the United States, Canada and Britain very soon after the beginning of the Second World War. The existence of possibly explosive forces in the nuclei of atoms had been known ever since the structure of atoms was discovered by Rutherford.
An atom consists of a tiny core called the `nucleus' with attendant electrons circling round it. The hydrogen atom, which is the simplest and lightest, has only one electron. Heavier atoms have more and more as they go up the scale. The first discovery that had to do with what goes on in nuclei was radio-activity, which is caused by particles being shot out of the nucleus. It was known that a great deal of energy is locked up in the nucleus, but, until just before the outbreak of the Second World War, there was no way of releasing this energy in any large quantity. A revolutionary discovery was that, in certain circumstances, mass can be transformed into energy in accordance with Einstein's formula which states that the energy generated is equal to the mass lost multiplied by the square of the velocity of light.
The A-bomb, however, used a different process, depending upon radio-activity. In this process, called `fission', a heavier atom splits into two lighter atoms. In general, in radio-active substances this fission proceeds at a constant rate which is slow where substances occurring in nature are concerned. But there is one form of uranium called ‘U235’ which, when it is pure, sets up a chain reaction which spreads like fire, though with enormously greater rapidity. It is this substance which was used in making the atom bomb.
The political background of the atomic scientists' work was the determination to defeat the Nazis (德国纳粹). It was held – I think rightly – that a Nazi victory would be a terrible disaster. It was also held, in Western countries, that German scientists must be well advanced towards making an A-bomb, and that if they succeeded before the West did, they would probably win the war. When the war was over, it was discovered, to the complete astonishment of both American and British scientists, that the Germans were nowhere near success, and, as everybody knows, the Germans were defeated before any nuclear weapons had been made. But I do not think that nuclear scientists of the West can be blamed for thinking the work urgent and necessary. Even Einstein favored it.
When, however, the German war was finished, the great majority of those scientists who had worked together towards making the A-bomb considered that it should not be used against the Japanese, who were already on the verge of defeat and, in any case, did not constitute such a threat to the world as Hitler. Many of them made urgent representations to the American Government advocating that, instead of using the bomb as a weapon of war, they should, after a public announcement, explode it in a desert, and that future control of nuclear energy should be placed in the hands of an international authority. Seven of the most eminent of nuclear scientists drew up what is known as `The Franck Report' which they presented to the Secretary of War in June 1945. This is a very admirable and far-seeing document, and if it had won the assent of the politicians, none of our subsequent terrors would have arisen.
66. We may infer that the writer’s attitude towards the A-bomb is that __________.
A. it is a terrible threat to the whole of mankind
B. it played a vital part in defeating the Japanese
C. it was a wonderful invention
D. it is a necessary evil
67. According to the passage, an atom is heavy if _________.
A. it is radio-active
B. it has a large nucleus
C. its nucleus has many electrons
D. its nucleus shoots out many particles
68. The American and British scientists were astonished at the end of the Second World War against Germany because ____________.
A. the Germans had been defeated without the use of nuclear weapons
B. the Western countries had won before they had invented nuclear weapons
C. they thought the Germans would probably win the war
D. the Germans had made little progress in developing nuclear weapons
69. According to the writer, most scientists who had helped in making the A-bomb considered that it should not be used against the Japanese because __________.
A. it was such a dangerous weapon
B. its use against the Japanese was unnecessary
C. it was a very inhumane weapon
D. the German war was finished
70. It is implied that the nuclear scientists __________.
A. might not have agreed to develop the bomb if there had been no Nazi threat
B. would have developed the bomb even without the Nazi threat
C. would have made the bomb, under peace-time conditions, but only for the use of an international authority
D. developed the bomb because Einstein thought it urgent and necessary
Increasingly, over the past ten years, people ?- especially young people -- have become aware of the need to change their eating habits, because much of the food they eat, particularly processed foods, is not good for the health. Consequently, there has been a growing interest in natural foods: foods which do not contain chemical additives and which have not been affected by chemical fertilizers widely used in farming today.
Natural foods, for example, are vegetables, fruit and grain which have been grown in soil that is rich in organic matter. In simple terms, this means that the soil has been nourished by unused vegetable matter, which provides it with essential vitamins and minerals. This in itself is a natural process compared with the use of chemicals and fertilizers, the main purpose of which is to increase the amount -? but not the quality -? of foods grown in commercial farming areas.
Natural foods also include animals which have been allowed to feed and move freely in healthy pastures. Compare this with what happens in the mass production of poultry: there are battery (养鸡房) farms, for example, where thousands of chickens live crowded together in one building and are fed on food which is little better than rubbish. Chickens kept in this way are not only tasteless as food; they also produce eggs which lack important vitamins.
There are other aspects of healthy eating which are now receiving increasing attention from experts on diet. Take, for example, the question of sugar. This is actually a non?essential food! Although a natural alternative, such as honey, can be used to sweeten food if this is necessary, we can in fact do without it. It is not that sugar is harmful in itself. But it does seem to be addictive (易成瘾的): the quantity we use has grown steadily over the last two centuries and in Britain today each person consumes an average of 200 pounds a year! Yet all it does is provide us with energy, in the form of calories. There are no vitamins in it, no minerals -? and no fibre (纤维).
It is significant that nowadays fibre is considered to be an important part of a healthy diet. In white bread, for example, the fibre has been removed. But it is present in unrefined flour and of course in vegetables. It is interesting to note that in countries where the national diet contains large quantities of unrefined flour and vegetables, certain diseases are comparatively rare. Hence the emphasis placed on the eating of wholemeal bread and more vegetables by modern experts on ‘healthy eating’.
71. People have become more interested in natural foods because they .
A. want a change of diet
B. no longer like processed foods
C. want to eat food that is better for them
D. want to be fashionable
72. Soil that is rich in organic matter .
A. has had nothing added to it
B. already contains vitamins and minerals
C. contains unused vegetables
D. has had chemicals and fertilizers added to it
73. Battery chickens cannot become ‘natural food’ because .
A. they live in crowded conditions
B. they are tasteless
C. their eggs have no vitamins
D. they are not allowed to move about and eat freely
74. According to experts on diet, .
A. sugar is bad for the health
B. the use of sugar is habit forming
C. people need sugar to give them energy
D. sugar only sweetens food
75. If we ate more food containing fibre, .
A. our diet would be healthier
B. we would be as healthy as people in the west
C. our diet would be more interesting
D. we would only eat wholemeal bread and vegetables
-- The End --
Finding enough meat was a problem for primitive man. When
getting it, keeping for some time was just as hard. Three ways
were found to keep meat from spoiling: salt, drying, and freezing.
People near salty waters salted their meat. At first they probably
rubbed dry salt on it, but this preserved only outside. Later they may
have pickled their meat by soaking them in salt water.
In hot, dry lands, men were found that they could eat meat that
had dried but it was still on the bones. They later learned to cut meat
into thin strips and hang it up to dry it in the hot air.
Men in cold climates found that freezing meat did not spoil. They
could leave their meat outside and eat it when they pleased.