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保送生招生考试英语试题卷(样题)
2018-01-12 10:22     (点击: )

保送生招生考试英语试题卷(样题)

(考试时间90分钟,满分100分)


第一卷

第一部分:听力理解(共15小题,计分15分)

第一节   (5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并将答题纸上相应的位置涂黑。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

例:Man:   I wonder why the office is still not open.

Women: But   it's not yet eight. In fact, it's only a quarter to eight.

At what   time does the office open?

A. At   8:30. B. At 8:15. C. At 8:00.

答案是C

第一段对话,回答第1题

1. Why is   the man complaining?

A. The   show is very difficult to understand.

B. The   room is too small for the audience.

C. The   crowd is very noisy.

第二段对话,回答第2题:

2. What   does the woman mean?

A. The   results might be ready tomorrow.

B. The man   needs another test tomorrow.

C. The   results were called in last night.

第三段对话,回答第3题:

3. Who   fixed Karen's hair?

A. A   neighbor.

B. Karen   herself.

C. A   professional hairstylist.

第四段对话,回答第4题:

4. What is   the problem?

A. There   are too few houses in the northeast.

B. People   in the northeast are inexperienced in dealing with snow.

C. Cold   weather in the northeast has increased the demand for fuel.

第五段对话,回答第5题:

5. What   does the woman think the man should do?

A. Ask the   stewardess for change.

B. Move to   another part of the plane.

C. Put out   his cigarette.

第二节(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)  

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并将答题纸上相应的位置涂黑。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

第六段对话,回答第67题:

6. What   does the man want?

A. A   single room for two nights.

B. A   single room with bathroom for one night.

C. A   single room without bathroom for twenty hours.

7. What is   the address of Evandale Hotel?

A. 249   Marsh Street.

B. 349   Marsh Street.

C. 239   Marsh Street.

第七段对话,回答第811题:

8. What   did Michael first plan to do for tonight?

A. Going   to the Library.

B. Stay at   home and watch TV.

C. Going   to see a film.

9. What   did Liz suggest to do for tonight?

A. Going   out for a walk.

B. Going   to the Library.

C.   Watching TV.


 

10. Where   is the cinema?

A. B. C.

11. How is   Michael going to get to the cinema?

A. Taking   a taxi.

B. Taking   a bus.

C.   Walking.

第八段独白,回答第1215题:

12. Which   of the following dream least?

A. Birds.

B.   Tortoises.

C. Dogs.

13. How   many times does a person usually dream during one night?

A. Two or   three.

B. Three   or four.

C. Four or   five.

14. Today   what are scientists certain about?

A. People   will die soon if prevented from dreaming.

B.   Animals' dreams are similar to people's dreams.

C.   Dreaming has nothing to do with one's state of health.

15. Where   did this conversation mostly take place?

A. In a   police station.

B. In a   library.

C. In a   travel service.

第二部分:英语知识运用 (共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题紙上将该项涂黑。

16.   _________ is the capital of Brazil?

A. What

B. Where

C. Which

D. Why

17. Joyce   had scarcely left___________ it started to rain.

A. then

B. when

C. than

D. and

18. Would   you like a cup of tea? (The hostess asked one of the   guests.)

The most   appropriate response is __________

A. Certainly.

B. Make   yourself at home.

C. It's   very kind of you.

D. Why   not?

19. Mrs.   Chang's new maid ____________ is very pretty.

A. Ellen   whom I first met yesterday

B. Ellen   whom I first met, yesterday,

C. Ellen,   whom I first met yesterday,

D. ,   Ellen, whom I first met yesterday,

20.   ___________ and I will hit you.

A. If you   say that again

B. You   will say that again

C. Say you   that again

D. Say   that again

21. Bruce:   Did your brother go to the party?

Angus: No,   but he _________.

A. planned   it

B. planned   to

C. planned   so

D. planned

22. The   nuisance he complained _________ has been removed.

A. with

B. from

C. of

D. to

23. The   center-forward ____________ a goal in the football match.

A. scored

B. gained

C. made

D.   obtained

24. Let us   try to use our intellect to __________.

A. the   greatest advantage

B. the   fullest benefit

C. the   highest profit

D. the   utmost gain

25. It is   a long time ___________.

A. since I   see you last time

B. when I   saw you last

C. ago I   saw you last time

D. since I   saw you last

26. Mr.   Smith has recently made _________ from shares.

A. some   huge fortunes

B. huge   fortunes

C. a huge   fortune

D. huge   fortune

27. Merry   Christmas and Happy New Year to you! (He wished his   friend.)

The most   appropriate response is __________

A. I   hope so.

B. Same   to you!

C. Definitely.

D. Exactly.

28. Could   you help me do it? (He asked his friend.)

The most   appropriate response is ______________

A. Why   not?.

B. With   pleasure.

C. Sure,   if you wish.

D. Yes,   please.

29. The   task wasn't easy, but we managed it ___________.

A. somehow

B. anyway

C. anyhow

D. someway

30. What   a lovely day, _________?

A. doesn't   it

B. hasn't   it

C. isn't   it

D. won't   it

第三部分:阅读理解(共20小题,每小题2分,满分40分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项中,选出一个最佳答案。

A

On October   17, 1829, Sam Patch did what he had said he would do. He perched on a   platform built beside Niagara Falls and jumped into the water a hundred feet   below. A big crowd had gathered to watch Sam's well-advertised leap. The   spectators held their breath as the daredevil hit the swirling water. At last   his head burst out of the foam, thirty feet clear of the falls, and the crowd   let out a mighty roar. Men waved their hats and yelled out the expression   that had become Sam's trademark: ""There's no mistake in Sam Patch!""

Sam began   his career as a leaper in 1827, when he jumped eighty feet into the Passaic   River from a bridge that was still under construction. Delighted with the   fame he received, Sam traveled from town to town, jumping from masts, cliffs,   and bridges. Then he made his great conquest of Niagara Falls.

Sam was   encouraged by the widespread public excitement over his successful leap from   the falls. He turned to the higher Genesee Falls for his next feat. On   November 13, a scaffold was constructed 125 feet above the base of the falls.   A huge crowd gathered on both riverbanks. At 2:00 P.M., Sam climbed the shaky   scaf­fold, made a brief speech, and jumped. Once again there was a hushed   silence as his body smacked the water. But this time Sam didn't resurface.

Sam's body   was pulled from the mouth of the river the following spring. Even so, for   years afterward, a legend persisted that the great Sam Patch was still alive.

31. Which   of the following is the best title for this passage?

A. Never   Say Die.

B. Sam   Patch and Falls.

C. Conquer   Niagara Falls

D. A Hero

32. What   is the general idea of this passage?

A. Genesee   Falls is a dangerous place.

B. Sam   Patch jumped at Niagara Falls.

C. There's   no mistake in Sam Patch.

D. Sam   Patch was a popular leaper.

33. This   passage implies that ______________.

A. Sam   Patch is still alive

B. Sam   Patch was a foolish man

C. Sam   Patch loved to get a lot of attention

D. jumping   fro high bridges was not very dangerous

B

The   elephant is the largest of all land animals. It can reach a height of eleven   feet and weigh nearly six tons. The African elephant can also boast the   biggest ears in the world. They can grow as large as three-and-a-half feet   across. You might think that a gigantic animal like the elephant wouldn't   have much to worry about, but it has its problems too. And its huge ears can   help it to deal with many problems ranging from pesky insects to great   danger.

The ears   are very effective fans that can be used to drive away flies. The elephants'   huge ears also help them hear everything that's happening nearby. A mother   ele­phant might hear the approach of a dangerous lion that would kill her   children.

The   elephants' great size can sometimes present a heat problem. The larger an   object, the harder it is for it to lose heat. Elephants live on the hot   plains of Africa, where keeping cool is not an easy task. Elephants' huge   ears help them cool their bodies so they can survive in the heat. The large   surfaces of the ears have many blood vessels that are very close to the   surface of the skin. Blood that is closer to the surface cools more easily.

The most   impressive use of the ears, though, is seen in an elephant's threat dis­play.   When trying to threaten another animal, the elephant bellows and charges with   both ears spread wide. This makes the huge beast look almost twice as large   as it really is. Few enemies would dare to stand up to anything that huge.

34. Which   of the following is the best title for this passage?

A. The Use   of the Ears.

B. Keeping   Cool in Africa.

C.   Survival on the African Plains.

D. The   Elephant's Threat Display.

35. We can   conclude that if elephants did not have big ears they would probably   __________.

A. see   better

B. be   smaller

C. not be   able to survive

D. not   live in Africa

36. The   author calls the elephant's threat display impressive. This means that it is _________.

A.   interesting

B.   admirable

C. amusing

D. normal

C

Only one   animal can walk 200 miles without stopping once to rest. It would take a   person two days and two nights to walk this far, and only one man has ever   done it without stopping. What animal has such endurance (耐力)?   The camel! The camel is famous for something else, too. It can cross an   entire desert without a single drink of water. Its body is built in a special   way to help it store water and food.

A person   has just one stomach, but a camel has quite a few. Within each stomach are   layers and layers of cells. These cells are like tiny water balloons, storing   liquids until the camel needs them. When the camel drinks, the cells grow   larger and larger. For a whole week, they can keep the animal's thirst away   by sending water to all parts of its body.

And did   you ever wonder why the camel has a hump (驼峰)? The hump is a storage   place for fat. Because it has this storage area, the camel does not need to   eat very often. When the animal needs energy, the layers of fat serve as fuel   to keep it going on the long, hot days in the burning sun.

The camel   has one other gift that makes it well suited to arid regions. This gift is   its nose. A camel can smell a water hole from miles away!

When a   camel moves it sways (摇摆) from side to side like a ship on a wavy   ocean. Because of this swaying action, the camel has been called the   ""Ship of the Desert.""

37. This   passage is mainly about .

A. long‑distance   walking

B. mysterious   ships

C. desert   animals

D. the   camel

38. Where   do camels keep the water they have taken in?

A. In the   stomach together with the food they ate.

B. In the   cells of their stomachs.

C. In the   hums on top of their backs.

D. In the   bags they carry on their backs.

39. The   camel's hum is storage place for .

A. fat

B. muscles  

C. extra   water

D. body   sugars

40. We can   conclude from this passage that camels .

A. will   always be useful

B. like to   carry heavy loads

C. feel at   home in the desert

D. look   like ships from a distance

D
  The nuclear age in which the human race is living, and may soon be dying,   began for the general public with the dropping of an atom bomb on Hiroshima   on 6 August 1945. But for nuclear scientists and for certain American   authorities, it had been known for some time that such a weapon was possible.   Work towards making it had been begun by the United States, Canada and   Britain very soon after the beginning of the Second World War. The existence   of possibly explosive forces in the nuclei of atoms had been known ever since   the structure of atoms was discovered by Rutherford.
  An atom consists of a tiny core called the `nucleus' with attendant electrons   circling round it. The hydrogen atom, which is the simplest and lightest, has   only one electron. Heavier atoms have more and more as they go up the scale.   The first discovery that had to do with what goes on in nuclei was   radio-activity, which is caused by particles being shot out of the nucleus.   It was known that a great deal of energy is locked up in the nucleus, but,   until just before the outbreak of the Second World War, there was no way of   releasing this energy in any large quantity. A revolutionary discovery was   that, in certain circumstances, mass can be transformed into energy in   accordance with Einstein's formula which states that the energy generated is   equal to the mass lost multiplied by the square of the velocity of light.
  The A-bomb, however, used a different process, depending upon radio-activity.   In this process, called `fission', a heavier atom splits into two lighter   atoms. In general, in radio-active substances this fission proceeds at a   constant rate which is slow where substances occurring in nature are   concerned. But there is one form of uranium called
U235 which, when it is pure, sets up a chain reaction which spreads   like fire, though with enormously greater rapidity. It is this substance   which was used in making the atom bomb.
  The political background of the atomic scientists' work was the determination   to defeat the Nazis (
德国纳粹). It was held I think rightly that a Nazi victory   would be a terrible disaster. It was also held, in Western countries, that   German scientists must be well advanced towards making an A-bomb, and that if   they succeeded before the West did, they would probably win the war. When the   war was over, it was discovered, to the complete astonishment of both   American and British scientists, that the Germans were nowhere near success,   and, as everybody knows, the Germans were defeated before any nuclear weapons   had been made. But I do not think that nuclear scientists of the West can be   blamed for thinking the work urgent and necessary. Even Einstein favored it.
  When, however, the German war was finished, the great majority of those   scientists who had worked together towards making the A-bomb considered that   it should not be used against the Japanese, who were already on the verge of   defeat and, in any case, did not constitute such a threat to the world as   Hitler. Many of them made urgent representations to the American Government   advocating that, instead of using the bomb as a weapon of war, they should,   after a public announcement, explode it in a desert, and that future control   of nuclear energy should be placed in the hands of an international   authority. Seven of the most eminent of nuclear scientists drew up what is   known as `The Franck Report' which they presented to the Secretary of War in   June 1945. This is a very admirable and far-seeing document, and if it had   won the assent of the politicians, none of our subsequent terrors would have   arisen.

41. We may   infer that the writers attitude towards the A-bomb is that   __________.
  A. it is a terrible threat to the whole of mankind
  B. it played a vital part in defeating the Japanese
  C. it was a wonderful invention
  D. it is a necessary evil

42.   According to the passage, an atom is heavy if _________.
  A. it is radio-active
  B. it has a large nucleus
  C. its nucleus has many electrons
  D. its nucleus shoots out many particles

43. The   American and British scientists were astonished at the end of the Second   World War against Germany because ____________.
  A. the Germans had been defeated without the use of nuclear weapons
  B. the Western countries had won before they had invented nuclear weapons
  C. they thought the Germans would probably win the war
  D. the Germans had made little progress in developing nuclear weapons

44.   According to the writer, most scientists who had helped in making the A-bomb   considered that it should not be used against the Japanese because   __________.
  A. it was such a dangerous weapon
  B. its use against the Japanese was unnecessary
  C. it was a very inhumane weapon
  D. the German war was finished

45. It is   implied that the nuclear scientists __________.
  A. might not have agreed to develop the bomb if there had been no Nazi threat
  B. would have developed the bomb even without the Nazi threat
  C. would have made the bomb, under peace-time conditions, but only for the   use of an international authority
  D. developed the bomb because Einstein thought it urgent and necessary
  E
  Increasingly, over the past ten years, people ?- especially young people --   have become aware of the need to change their eating habits, because much of   the food they eat, particularly processed foods, is not good for the health.   Consequently, there has been a growing interest in natural foods: foods which   do not contain chemical additives and which have not been affected by   chemical fertilizers widely used in farming today.
  Natural foods, for example, are vegetables, fruit and grain which have been   grown in soil that is rich in organic matter. In simple terms, this means   that the soil has been nourished by unused vegetable matter, which provides   it with essential vitamins and minerals. This in itself is a natural process   compared with the use of chemicals and fertilizers, the main purpose of which   is to increase the amount -? but not the quality -? of foods grown in   commercial farming areas.
  Natural foods also include animals which have been allowed to feed and move   freely in healthy pastures. Compare this with what happens in the mass   production of poultry: there are battery (
养鸡房) farms, for example,   where thousands of chickens live crowded together in one building and are fed   on food which is little better than rubbish. Chickens kept in this way are   not only tasteless as food; they also produce eggs which lack important   vitamins.
  There are other aspects of healthy eating which are now receiving increasing   attention from experts on diet. Take, for example, the question of sugar.   This is actually a non?essential food! Although a natural alternative, such   as honey, can be used to sweeten food if this is necessary, we can in fact do   without it. It is not that sugar is harmful in itself. But it does seem to be   addictive (
易成瘾的): the quantity we use has grown   steadily over the last two centuries and in Britain today each person   consumes an average of 200 pounds a year! Yet all it does is provide us with   energy, in the form of calories. There are no vitamins in it, no minerals -?   and no fibre (纤维).
  It is significant that nowadays fibre is considered to be an important part   of a healthy diet. In white bread, for example, the fibre has been removed.   But it is present in unrefined flour and of course in vegetables. It is   interesting to note that in countries where the national diet contains large   quantities of unrefined flour and vegetables, certain diseases are   comparatively rare. Hence the emphasis placed on the eating of wholemeal   bread and more vegetables by modern experts on
healthy   eating.

46. People   have become more interested in natural foods because they .
  A. want a change of diet
  B. no longer like processed foods
  C. want to eat food that is better for them
  D. want to be fashionable

47. Soil   that is rich in organic matter .
  A. has had nothing added to it
  B. already contains vitamins and minerals
  C. contains unused vegetables
  D. has had chemicals and fertilizers added to it

48.   Battery chickens cannot become natural food because .
  A. they live in crowded conditions
  B. they are tasteless
  C. their eggs have no vitamins
  D. they are not allowed to move about and eat freely

49.   According to experts on diet, .
  A. sugar is bad for the health
  B. the use of sugar is habit forming
  C. people need sugar to give them energy
  D. sugar only sweetens food

50. If we   ate more food containing fibre, .
  A. our diet would be healthier
  B. we would be as healthy as people in the west
  C. our diet would be more interesting
  D. we would only eat wholemeal bread and vegetables
  -- The End --

第二卷

第四部分:写作(共两节,满分30分)

第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
 
改正下列短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行作出判断:如无错误,在该行右边横线上画一个勾(?);如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正:
 
多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。
 
缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(L),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。
 
错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。
 
注意:原行没有错的不要改。

Finding enough meat was a problem     for primitive man. When

getting it, keeping for some time     was just as hard. Three ways

were found to keep meat from     spoiling: salt, drying, and freezing.

People near salty waters salted     their meat. At first they probably

rubbed dry salt on it, but this     preserved only outside. Later they may

have pickled their meat by soaking     them in salt water.

In hot, dry lands, men were found     that they could eat meat that

had dried but it was still on the     bones. They later learned to cut meat

into thin strips and hang it up to     dry it in the hot air.

Men in cold climates found that     freezing meat did not spoil. They

could leave their meat outside and     eat it when they pleased.

76____________

77____________

78____________

79____________

80____________

81____________

82____________

83____________

84____________

85____________

第二节:书面表达(满分20分)

你被邀请为你校英语俱乐部出版的刊物写一篇文章,介绍一本你最喜欢读的英语书,并且要求你首先简单介绍一下这本书的内容,然后说明为什么你最喜欢这本书,别人能从书中学到什么。   字数:200字左右

 

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